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Title: Cognitive stimulation as alternative treatment to improve psychological disorders in patients with mild cognitive impairment
Authors: Carcelén-Fraile, M.
Llera-DelaTorre, A.
Aibar-Almazán, A.
Afanador-Restrepo, D.
Baena-Marín, M.
Hita-Contreras, F.
Loureiro, Vânia
García-Garro, P.
Castellote-Caballero, Y.
Keywords: Cognitive training
Mild cognitive impairment
Quality of life
Issue Date: May-2022
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Carcelén-Fraile, M., Llera-DelaTorre, A., Aibar-Almazán, A., Afanador-Restrepo, D., Baena-Marín, M., Hita-Contreras, F., Loureiro, V., García-Garro, P. & Castellote-Caballero, Y. (2022). Cognitive stimulation as alternative treatment to improve psychological disorders in patients with mild cognitive impairment. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 11(14), 1-11.
Abstract: (1) Background: Mild cognitive impairment is becoming one of the most common clinical manifestations affecting older people. For this reason, developing non-pharmacological strategies to help improve or maintain the physical condition of patients with mild dementia has become a priority. Therefore, the objective of this study is to provide evidence about the effects of a cognitive stimulation program on cognitive performance, anxiety, depression, and quality of life in people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and aged > 70. (2) Methods: This study is a randomized clinical trial. A total of 72 elderly people with MCI participated: 35 in the control group who did not receive any intervention and 36 in the experimental group who received a cognitive stimulation program for 12 weeks. Cognitive performance, depression, anxiety and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) were measured using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), the Yesavage Geriatric Depression Scale, the Hamilton Rating Scale, and the SF-12, respectively. (3) Results: In the experimental group, significant results were obtained on cognitive performance, depression, anxiety and general health, emotional role, social functioning, vitality, mental health and mental component summary domains of the SF-12. (4) Conclusions: a cognitive stimulation program of 12 weeks improves cognitive performance, anxiety, depression, and HRQoL in people with MCI aged > 70.
Peer reviewed: yes
ISSN: 2077-0383
Publisher version:
Appears in Collections:D-AHD - Artigos em revistas indexadas à WoS/Scopus

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