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Title: Exploring the use of species sensitivity distributions to define protective limits for the use of organic wastes as soil amendments
Authors: Renaud, Mathieu
Chelinho, Sónia
Alvarenga, Paula
Mourinha, Clarisse
Palma, Patrícia
Sousa, José Paulo
Natal-da-Luz, Tiago
Keywords: Organic Wates
Species sensitivity distribution
Soil Contamination
Issue Date: Apr-2019
Abstract: The use of organic wastes as soil amendments can be an important measure to improve soil quality and reduce waste accumulation and landfilling. However, the potential contaminant loads of such wastes, can be a source of environmental concern. Consequently, legislation has been developed to regulate the use of these wastes in agricultural soils. However, the regulations only consider chemical parameters, which are insufficient to establish the level of environmental risk. A possible solution is the use of species sensitivity distributions (SSDs), employing ecotoxicological data from test batteries that could be incorporated into legislation. In the present study, 2 different hazardous concentrations affecting 5 and 50% of the soil community (HC5 and HC50, respectively) were determined using ecotoxicological data (effect concentrations, 10 and 50% [EC10 and EC50, respectively]) for 5 different wastes. The results demonstrate that, as expected, current legislative thresholds do not translate to environmental risk/protection and that SSDs may be an important tool allowing the simple inclusion and interpretation of ecotoxicological data from test batteries in legislation. On the other hand, SSDs must be used with caution because there are still doubts about their actual value in risk prediction and about which estimates provide adequate protection. For instance, the use of HC50EC10 values is not recommended; these values overlap with the more conservative HC5EC50 data, highlighting the fact that the use of lower effect concentrations may not always provide the most protective approach. Also, hazardous concentrations need to be calibrated at the field or semifield level, to verify environmental protection in different soils/environments and the adequacy of standard test organisms.
Description: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia. Grant Numbers: SFRH/BPD/110943/2015, SFRH/BPD/84140/2012, PTDC/AAC – AMB/119273/2010
Peer reviewed: yes
Publisher version:
Appears in Collections:D-TCA - Artigos em revistas com peer review

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