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Title: Prevalence of risk for exercise dependence: a systematic review
Authors: Marques, Adilson
Peralta, Miguel
Sarmento, Hugo
Loureiro, Vânia
Gouveia, Élvio R.
Gaspar de Matos, Margarida
Keywords: risk for EXD
Systematic review
Issue Date: Feb-2019
Citation: Marques, A., Peralta, M., Sarmento, H.; Loureiro, V.; Gouveia, E. & Gaspar de Matos (2018) Prevalence of Risk for Exercise Dependence: A Systematic Review, Sports Medicine,
Abstract: Background Exercise dependence (EXD) can be considered an addictive behaviour because it presents signs typical of other addictive behaviours. Despite possible health problems related to EXD, the prevalence of risk for EXD has never been systematically reviewed. Objective This article aimed to systematically review the prevalence of risk for EXD. Methods Studies were identified from searches in the ERIC, PsycINFO, PubMed, Scopus, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Sci‐ ence electronic databases up to June 2018. Empirical studies were selected if (1) they included the outcomes of the prevalence of EXD; (2) participants were regular exercisers; and (3) they were published in either the English, French, Portuguese, or Spanish languages. A total of 34 articles met the inclusion criteria. Results The prevalence of risk for EXD was estimated to be between 3 and 7% of regular exercisers and the university student population, and between 6 and 9% of the athlete population. Conclusion The results of this review indicated that the prevalence of risk for EXD varies with the characteristics of the exerciser, but an overall prevalence of 3–9% is estimated. Risk for EXD is a cause for concern and, from a public health point of view, is a problem that has to be addressed.
Peer reviewed: yes
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1007/s40279-018-1011-4
Publisher version:
Appears in Collections:D-AHD - Comunicações com peer review

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